Eye Medical Conditions

Please consult with Dr. Anhalt if you have questions or concerns about any of the following eye conditions:

AMBLYOPIA
Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye.

ASTIGMATISM
Astigmatism is a common and generally treatable imperfection in the curvature of your eye that causes blurred distance and near vision.

BLEPHARITIS
Blepharitis is a common and ongoing condition where the eyelids become swollen, with oily particles and bacteria coating the eyelid.

CATARACTS
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye. For people who have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like looking through a frosty or fogged-up window. If you're over 60 and your vision has gotten blurry or cloudy, you may have cataracts. It's a common condition in older adults.

CONJUNCTIVITIS
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation or swelling of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin transparent layer of tissue that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye. A viral or bacterial infection can cause conjunctivitis.

DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems.

DIPLOPIA
Diplopia, commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced in different directions. 

DRY EYE SINDROME
This condition, called keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is also referred to as dry eye syndrome. People with dry eyes may experience irritated, gritty, scratchy or burning eyes; a feeling of something in their eyes; excess watering; and blurred vision.

EYE STRAIN
Eye strain is a common condition that occurs when your eyes get tired from intense use, such as while driving long distances or staring at computer screens and other digital devices.

FAR-SIGHTEDNESS
Farsightedness, or hyperopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which distant objects can be seen clearly, but close ones do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature.

FLOATER
Eye floaters are spots in your vision. Eye floaters can be clumpy or stringy; light or dark. They are caused by clumps or specks of undissolved vitreous gel material floating in the dissolved gel-like fluid (vitreous) in the back of the eye, which cast shadows on the retina when light enters the eye.

GLAUCOMA
Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid, called the aqueous,  builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve.

KERATITIS
Keratitis is a condition in which the eye's cornea, the clear dome on the front surface of the eye, becomes inflamed. 

MACULAR DEGENERATION
Age-related macular degeneration, also called macular degeneration, AMD or ARMD, is deterioration of the macula, which is the small central area of the retina of the eye that controls visual acuity. Dry macular degeneration is diagnosed when yellowish spots known as drusen begin to accumulate in and around the macula. It is believed these spots are deposits or debris from deteriorating tissue.

NEAR SIGHTEDNESS
Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye where light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.

PHOTOPHOBIA
Photophobia, or light sensitivity, is an intolerance of light. Sources such as sunlight, fluorescent light and incandescent light all can cause discomfort, along with a need to squint or close your eyes. Headaches also may accompany light sensitivity. Light-sensitive people sometimes are bothered only by bright light.

PRESBYOPIA
Presbyopia is a common type of vision disorder that occurs as you age. It is often referred to as the aging eye condition. Presbyopia results in the inability to focus up close, a problem associated with refraction in the eye.

RED EYE
Red eye is a common problem that can affect one or both eyes. The redness associated with red eye comes from blood vessels on the surface of your eye that are expanded (dilated) due to some form of irritation or infection.

RETINAL DETACHMENT
A detached retina is a serious and sight-threatening event, occurring when the retina becomes separated from its underlying supportive tissue. The retina cannot function when these layers are detached. And unless the retina is reattached soon, permanent vision loss may result.

RETINOPATHY
Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision impairment. Retinopathy often refers to retinal vascular disease, or damage to the retina caused by abnormal blood flow.

STRABISMUS
Strabismus is a failure of the two eyes to maintain proper alignment and work together as a team. If you have strabismus, one eye looks directly at the object you are viewing, while the other eye is misaligned inward (esotropia), outward (exotropia) , upward (hypertropia) or downward (hypotropia).

STYE
A stye is an infection that causes a tender red lump on the eyelid. Most styes occur along the edge of the eyelid. When a stye occurs inside the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum.

UVEITIS
Uveitis is a form of eye inflammation. It affects the middle layer of tissue in the eye wall (uvea). Uveitis warning signs often come on suddenly and get worse quickly. They include eye redness, pain and blurred vision. The condition can affect one or both eyes.

VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
Visual Impairment describes any kind of vision loss. It is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.